The gold standard for diagnosing endometriosis has always been through a laparoscopy. Yet, recent advances in the field of genetics have identified biomarkers in the genome which could help identify women who are at risk of developing endometriosis. It affects females with infertility, but genetic testing may be the answer. What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is…

Not all Genetic Tests are the same Each person carries 4-5 million genetic variations called polymorphisms. Most of these genetic variations do not cause any disease. Analysis of these common variations can provide very interesting insights on our ancestry, and can also be used to predict future diseases. However, the accuracy of these predictions depends…

What causes Down syndrome? Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a condition characterized by a delay in growth, a distinct set of facial characteristics, and intellectual disability[1]. This is caused by imbalances in gene expression resulting from having three copies of chromosome 21, instead of the normal two copies (Figure 1). Figure 1. Down…

Antibiotic Resistance: The Clues Are in Our Genes Doctors are often faced with the challenge of treating children that have a fever without an apparent cause because fevers are a symptom of both bacterial and viral infections. As a precaution, many of these children are given antibiotics even though antibiotics are completely ineffective against viral infections….

Last month the United Kingdom became the first country to back three-person in vitro fertilization (IVF), a technique that creates babies using DNA from 3 individuals. This technique is especially controversial because the subsequent genetic alteration to the embryo affects the germline (i.e. germ cells that have genetic information), that will be passed on to…

What is Tecta? How does Tecta work? Tecta (pantoprazole) is prescribed to treat gastrointestinal ulcers, or for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which includes heartburn and acid reflux, and reflux esophagitis. Tecta is part of a family of drugs called Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs). These drugs block Proton Pumps, and reduces stomach acidity to prevent ulcers,…

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