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Antidepressant use in psychiatry: Nowadays, physicians have an arsenal of drugs to combat psychiatric disorders: Anxiolytics, Antidepressants, Anti-psychotics, and Mood stabilizers. However, as with most other drugs, one dosage does NOT apply to all patients. A certain amount of drug might offer desired clinical improvements to some while under the same regiment others may exhibit…

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Detrol (tolterodine) causes sleep disturbance side effects in patients who are slow drug metabolizers One of the most common manifestations of ‘urinary incontinence’ is excessive bladder wall contraction – causing an uncontrollable urge to visit the washroom. Antimuscarinics are the class of drugs given to patients suffering from urinary incontinence, and common ones include: Detrol…

When it comes to cholesterol control, the first line of defense is always a healthy lifestyle and diet. But when that’s not enough, cholesterol medication can help to: Lower the heart-disease-causing bad cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein, LDL), Lower triglycerides, a type of fat in blood, which also increases the risk of heart problems, and Increase the…

Briefly – What is Endometriosis? Essentially, in endometriosis, the cells of the endometrium, the inner layer of the uterus, escape and grow outside the uterus. Like their normal counterpart inside the uterus, this displaced endometrium is influenced by hormonal changes, thickening, breaking down and bleeding with each menstrual cycle. As this extra tissue is outside…

Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to develop gestational diabetes after conceiving. PCOS is one of the leading causes of female infertility, affecting 5-10% of women of reproductive age. Many women with PCOS exhibit insulin resistance resulting in an increase in blood glucose levels. Elevated blood sugar can lead to serious complications…

PCOS – The Leading Cause of Female Infertility! Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS in short, is a common condition in women which prevents 12-21% of them from getting pregnant. However, thanks to recent advances in reproductive medicine, getting pregnant with PCOS has become possible. Insulin resistance is the hallmark of PCOS. Excessive blood insulin adversely…

What is multiple miscarriage and why do you need to know about it? A “miscarriage” is the involuntary termination of pregnancy. Roughly one of eight pregnancies ends with a miscarriage. Most cases occur during the first trimester and it is the most common complication of early pregnancy. Miscarriages were referred to as “recurrent” when it…

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Causes of Multiple Miscarriage: Multiple miscarriages, which was classically defined as >3 consecutive pregnancy losses has recently been redefined as >2 pregnancy loss, owing to an increase in the prevalence of childless couples. Years of research in the field have identified anti-phospholipid antibody (aPL) syndrome (APS), uterine/endocrine/chromosomal abnormalities as the leading causes of multiple miscarriage….

Endometriosis and Infertility: Affects 5-10% of women of reproductive age, Of every 10 women with endometriosis, 2 to 5 also suffer from infertility. It is a disease in which the lining of the uterus (or endometrium) grows in other parts of the body, causing excessive pain during menstrual cycle. The primary symptom is usually pelvic…

What is multiple miscarriage? The term “miscarriage” means involuntary pregnancy loss. It occurs in 15% of apparently normal couples, and become “recurrent” in 2% to 3%. Traditionally, miscarriage events are recurrent when it involves loss of 3 or more consecutive pregnancies, usually before 20 weeks of gestation, with or without previous live births. Currently accepted…

Mutations in Genes Small harmless variations in genes lead to the production of proteins which are slightly different, causing subtle but observable disparity (or “traits”) between individuals such as eye color or skin tone. However, when the variation is deleterious and results in a protein that affects normal function and physiology, the consequence is sickness…

Depression is like a rain cloud that follows you wherever you go. Not only does it affect you, but also your family and friends. Luckily, taking antidepressants can effectively attenuate most symptoms of depression. There is just one problem: unpleasant side effects that deter people from treatment, although knowing that the medication can alleviate their…

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