Peter-IBD-figure-nature

Genes and environment contribute to IBD Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), comprising different diseases of the colon and small intestines such as Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are autoimmune diseases whereby the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues, causing chronic inflammation, abdominal pain, cramps, diarrhea, fever and weight loss. The ultimate cause(s) of…

vaccines-and-autoimmune-diseases

Vaccines are an important medical advance Measles, mumps, rubella, polio, meningitis, influenza, hepatitis, human papillomavirus (HPV), these are all infectious agents that cause serious and often fatal diseases in humans. But thanks to vaccinations, infections by most of these microbes have been, or will soon be, a thing of the past. However, in recent months,…

In this age of healthy living, much emphasis has been placed on advocating an active lifestyle, nutritionally balanced diet, and adequate daily exercise to mitigate the risk of developing health complications. One of the major illnesses that everyone hopes to avoid is heart disease. The human heart is a muscle that pumps blood in our…

Mutations in Genes Small harmless variations in genes lead to the production of proteins which are slightly different, causing subtle but observable disparity (or “traits”) between individuals such as eye color or skin tone. However, when the variation is deleterious and results in a protein that affects normal function and physiology, the consequence is sickness…

Chronic pain is poorly understood and chronic pain management is one of the most challenging issues facing our medical system. It is estimated that 1 in 5 Canadian adults suffer from chronic pain, which is the number one reason for seeking healthcare, costing our economy roughly $50-$60 billion. This emphasizes the need for research into…

BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are well known breast cancer genes and inherited mutations in these genes increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancers. Breast cancer, the most common, invasive cancer in females worldwide can run in families or occur in women without a prior family history of breast cancer. However, mutations in BRCA1 and…

In vitro fertilization (IVF), the process of fertilizing an egg with sperm outside of the body, is a technique that has enabled couples with fertility problems to conceive. However, like most medical procedures, it is not without its risks and even though the first IVF procedure was performed in 1978, we are still far from…

Mickey Renaud – Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy In the winter of 2008, Mickey Renaud, a young hockey star that was drafted by the Calgary Flames, collapsed and died in his family home. The loss of such a promising talent left many people devastated but also puzzled: how could a 19 year old athletic die so suddenly from…

Why inherited diseases occur? Risk of common inherited diseases like cancer, heart disease, and autism are determined by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It’s not just DNA that is a contributing factor – diet, lifestyle, physical activity, and exposure to toxins play a role too. Occasionally, a risk factor is erroneously attributed to…

What is Colon Cancer? Colon cancer (also known as colorectal cancer (CRC), bowel cancer, or rectal cancer) is a type of cancer that affects the stomach and bowels and is the third most diagnosed cancer in both men and women alike. Colon cancer is primarily caused by lifestyle, being more common in developed countries, and…

Does a Father’s Age Determine a Child’s Risk of Autism? The causes of autism are quite complicated, as it is determined on a case-by-case basis. Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that is most commonly associated with problems with communication, social interactions, as well as with repetitive interests and activities. The signs of autism usually…

Young first-time mothers decrease the risk of breast cancer – here’s why:

Genetic testing for breast cancer (BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations) in Canada is covered for a limited number of women with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer. Genetic screening for these mutations identifies women with a dramatically increased risk of disease and allows for early screening and intervention. The reimbursement policies vary across…

Bacteria is linked to metabolic diseases Obesity and diabetes are common heritable diseases, but the risk of disease lies in complex interactions between our genes, our environment, and our gut bacteria. Our relationship to microorganisms can be simply put as complicated. While some microorganisms can cause deadly infections, others play essential roles in human health. Gut…

Not all Genetic Tests are the same Each person carries 4-5 million genetic variations called polymorphisms. Most of these genetic variations do not cause any disease. Analysis of these common variations can provide very interesting insights on our ancestry, and can also be used to predict future diseases. However, the accuracy of these predictions depends…

GeneYouIn Inc. © 2012-2017. All rights reserved