Genetics 101 Blog

Depression is like a rain cloud that follows you wherever you go. Not only does it affect you, but also your family and friends. Luckily, taking antidepressants can effectively attenuate most symptoms of depression. There is just one problem: unpleasant side effects that deter people from treatment, although knowing that the medication can alleviate their…

Patients diagnosed with advanced colon cancer have few treatment options besides surgery and aggressive chemotherapy. All chemotherapies are designed to block cell growth. Since all multiplying cells need to replicate their DNA, blocking DNA synthesis stops cell growth. The 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) drug is a modified nucleotide that blocks DNA replication. 5FU is commonly used in…

Did you know that insulin resistance causes excessive blood insulin? Sounds a little confusing at first, but let me explain. When cells in our body don’t respond to insulin (insulin resistance), our body tries to compensate by continuing to making more insulin, resulting in excessive blood insulin levels! Hallmark of PCOS – Insulin Resistance: The…

Tylenol 3 is the most commonly used medication for acute pain and is often used after minor surgical or dental procedures. Some patients complain that Tylenol 3 does not work for them, while others experience extreme nausea, dizziness and other symptoms of delirium. These side effects can be so serve that individuals may prefer to…

The acceptance that women can be depressed during pregnancy is relatively new. Previously it was believed that pregnant women are exposed to hormones that make them happy and so they cannot be depressed. Today we recognize that depression during pregnancy can be a devastating problem with serious consequences on the health of the mother and…

How To Find The Right Treatment For Depression

Finding the right treatment for depression is not easy. Physicians have many medications to choose from, however, they know that only a fraction of patients will respond to any given medication. Thus, they employ a “trial and error” approach where they test a specific medication for a few weeks before moving on to another one….

Dear Customers, As you’ve probably heard the FDA sent a new warning letter to 23andme demanding suspension of the operations. The main issue that the FDA has is “Some of the uses for which PGS is intended are particularly concerning, such as assessments for BRCA-related genetic risk and drug responses (e.g., warfarin sensitivity, clopidogrel response,…

It can be quite challenging when antidepressants are not working. But, the treatment of depression remains one of trial-and-error. When a patient with clinical depression is prescribed an antidepressant, it takes about 4 to 6 weeks to find out if the medication actually works for the patient, during which the patient can suffer from side…

Chronic pain is poorly understood and chronic pain management is one of the most challenging issues facing our medical system. It is estimated that 1 in 5 Canadian adults suffer from chronic pain, which is the number one reason for seeking healthcare, costing our economy roughly $50-$60 billion. This emphasizes the need for research into…

BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are well known breast cancer genes and inherited mutations in these genes increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancers. Breast cancer, the most common, invasive cancer in females worldwide can run in families or occur in women without a prior family history of breast cancer. However, mutations in BRCA1 and…

In vitro fertilization (IVF), the process of fertilizing an egg with sperm outside of the body, is a technique that has enabled couples with fertility problems to conceive. However, like most medical procedures, it is not without its risks and even though the first IVF procedure was performed in 1978, we are still far from…

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